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Biodiversity: the next frontier in Sustainable Investing ?

June 21st, 2022


Biodiversity is the essential basis for the normal functioning of ecosystems, which provide humans with clean water, oxygen-rich air and nutritious food. And while climate change has understandably been a priority concern for governments, a collapse in biodiversity is a closely related threat which can significantly amplify the destruction caused by global warming.

The big problem for the planet is that today biodiversity – the variety of species of animals and plants on our planet – is declining at a pace that is ten to a hundred times higher than was the case on average over the past 10 million years—and this is accelerating[1].

Apart from climate change, the main reasons for this decline are habitat loss and fragmentation, invasive speciespollution and, of course, unsustainable resource use. According to WWF’s latest Living Planet Report, our society’s current rate of consumption means that Earth’s biological resources are being overused by at least 56%.

A growing number of institutional and long-term investors are searching for the best approach to embed biodiversity consideration into financial decision-making. This is being encouraged by regulators (i.e. the Do No Significant Harm principle in the EU Taxonomy and SFDR), and initiatives such as the Taskforce on Nature-related Financial Disclosures (TNFD)


[1]IPBES (Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services). 2019. Summary for policymakers of the global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Unedited Advance Version, 06 May 2019. See also UN Convention on Biological Diversity ( which defines “biodiversity” as “the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems”).

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